The Digital Expansion of The Mind: MEMORY AND COGNITION

The authors of the article ‘The Digital Expansion of the Mind: Implications of Internet Usage for Memory and Cognition, E. Marsh and S. Rajaram, highlight about properties of the internet and discuss the different possible implications of how we think process, and use information.

They examine how the ‘digital expansion of mind’ affects cognition. Cognition is a state of mental activity processes involved in gaining knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses. These processes include thinking, knowing, remembering, judging, and problem-solving.

For highlighting the properties, Marsh and Rajaram conduct a study that begins by identifying ten properties of the internet that are likely to affect cognition structured by internet content, internet usage, and the people who are indulged in content creation. Later, they use these properties to explain the internet activities, mainly the overreliance on the internet to receive a source of information and evaluate it.

The experiment’s main reason was to determine the technical properties of “the internet” and its potential implications for cognition. Internet being the technology of the moment is the necessary outcome of any information technology. With each information technology, there comes a host of problems and worries about whether the technology’s effects would be permanent and damaging to human thought. On this, Plato remarks his concerns in ‘Phaedrus’ as,

“[What] you have discovered an aid not to memory, but reminiscence, and you give your disciples not the truth, but only the semblance of truth; they will be hearers of many things and will have learned nothing; they will appear to be omniscient and will generally know nothing; they will be tiresome company, having the show of wisdom without the reality. . . Once [facts are] written down, they have tumbled about anywhere among those who may or may not understand them.”

These sections highlight some of the most prominent outcomes of the contemporary growth of technologies.

The ten properties of the internet that have consequences for memory and cognition are-

1. Unlimited scope.

2. Inaccurate content

3. Rapidly changing content

4. Many distractions and choices

5. Easy access

6. Requirement of limited research

7. Fast results

8. The ability to author

9. Source information is disguised

10. Intermingling connections


The internet connects the globe with the help of smart technologies. Therefore, there is no limit to how much information the internet can restrain, as there is no specific limit to the internet’s memory power. The internet has much more capacity than an unlimited storage device. However, the human brain has its restrictions, with no one remembering everything that one’s comes across. Therefore, for a long time, humans have studied for alternatives to ease the burdens of accessing information from the virtual world.

Here’s discussing the ten properties of the internet-

PROPERTY 1: Unlimited Scope

Internet is like a vast ocean where one subject matter is just a pinch of water. There is no limitless on the search results of the internet. While the internet content is broad and deep, there is a common misconception ‘everything which is not available on the internet is not worth knowing. This perception about the internet is erroneous as there are also sources beyond it. It is popular among those who regularly use search engines to do their research and rarely go beyond the internet as a source for their study.

  • PROPERTY 2: Inaccurate Content

There is no accuracy of the information available on the internet as almost anyone can create a webpage or post information to social media. Unlike traditional media, where editors and ‘fact-checkers strive for accuracy, there are relatively few internet caretakers. The internet is a mixture of media where authors create their own rules and have little ability to monitor others’ content. The credibility of the content gets hampered.

Some information sources actively strive to convince the reader that their point of view is correct. The internet is full of striking advocacy on many information providers who employ cognitive tricks to make their information engaging and interesting.

  • PROPERTY 3: Rapidly Changing Content

The digital world is a space where content can easily get changed. The internet is constantly evolving, and with it, websites appear and disappear, links break, and pages get edited at a rapid pace, contrary to the steady pace in the world of books. This ease of changing content on the internet increases their frequency (likely or so) to be changed. One can quickly edit the contents at speed not possible for print materials. It is just a realization that the time horizons are shortening, and the work needs to be done rapidly. 

However, the rapid change of content affects its credibility. Moreover, the ease at which people can change the virtual world’s content makes them more vulnerable to the world of fakes.

  • PROPERTY 4: Many Distractions and Choices

Content on the internet is evanescent. The internet offers many extras that can bewilder users. For example, whenever a person searches for information, they get distracted by lots of ads, hyperlinks, and useless data. Such distractions are not unique to the internet. However, it surely distracts the researchers, thereby reducing their efficiency.

However, the internet allows more active participation than while reading a book or listening to a radio. The internet is a place where one can perform more than one task at a given point in time.


  • PROPERTY 5: Widespread Access

The modern-day internet does not require a person to be imminent tech-savvy, and therefore, it is available to plenty. People have access to the internet as it does not impose any technological sophistication and can be carried easily everywhere (even in a person’s pockets), thereby increasing users’ frequency simultaneously. Today’s internet is also easy to use as modern search engines are much more spontaneous to use than older ones.

  • PROPERTY 6: The Requirement to Search

The internet is not a passive presenter of information as it requires an active need to search; the user enters search terms and clicks on links to track down the information he or she needs. There is a body of work in both sensemaking and information foraging theory that makes predictions about human information-seeking behavior, taking into account the cost of search, decisions made during the search, and processing the information found, along with the rate of the return based on the quality of the content. 

  • PROPERTY 7: Fast Results

Simple searches return almost instantaneously and are faster than the conventional methods of going to the library and searching for facts. A quick response provides instant cognitive satisfaction though the user may not be sure about the quality of the results or truth even if it seems more authentic.


  • PROPERTY 8: The Ability to Author

As implied from the heading, anyone can be an author on the internet. In the digital platform, people claim credit for information and can sue others for plagiarizing their content.

  • PROPERTY 9: Source Information is Obscured

The internet’s information does not come with clear and correct attribution. People are less interested in the credibility of the source of information, thereby producing less authentic content. People struggle to find the ideal source for their queries and often struggle to evaluate the quality of content available because many of the traditional cues to source disappear. For example, one might try to teach consumers to look for labels such as “sponsored content.” However, such an approach leads to better camouflage for ads, fake news sites, and other misinformation sources on the internet.

  • PROPERTY 10: Many Connections to Others

Being social beings, we as human beings like to share memories. Moreover, psychological research reveals that information sharing regulates emotion and develops a social bond. The internet makes it easy to share and receive information from others, making it a powerful platform for social remembering and spreading information. 

The increasingly interactive use of the internet—whether to look up facts or to actively edit a blog or a social media entry—blurs the line between knowledge that is internal versus “out there.” In the modern world, knowing how to quickly and accurately find information on the internet often is just as valuable as learning the information oneself.


There are benefits to relying on the internet: more information, social connections, and reduced processing load.

Finally, we speculate that there may be a speed-accuracy tradeoff involved in information consumption, with the wealth of information available on the internet pushing consumers towards speed over accuracy.

Marsh and Rajaram do us an excellent service by elevating the conversation about the cognitive effects of the tools, content, and systems we use. This is a complex milieu, and effects on thinking and remembering occur through an assortment of factors, which will continue.

Consciousness Evolution

Consciousness is an evolutionary phenomenon that is embedded in an evolutionary universe. It is the core of human reality and a medium for humans to understand every meaningful information in the world. The insight of social evolution is not a specific theory. However, it has a frugal connection to the integral theory. 

Human beings have evolved the most than any other organisms on the planet earth. However, there is still the fact that there will be an evolution of humans in the future, or more precisely termed as “the future evolution of consciousness.” The evolution of consciousness suggests that humanity is conscious of history and the rapid evolution in the change in culture and society.

Many Sci-fi movies give ground for thinking and imagining the possibilities of future consciousness. It provides a medium to showcase the idea of wisdom. It serves as an example for the future evolution of consciousness. Humanity can prefer to advance through co-creation, sustainable practices, and cooperation over self-destruction through competition, ecological devastation, and separateness.

Darwin’s friend, the naturalist George Romanes argued in 1885 that-

“Is it not itself a strikingly suggestive fact that consciousness only, yet always, appears upon the scene when the adjustive actions of any animal body rise above a certain level of intricacy. Surely, this large and general fact points with irresistible force to conclude that in the performance of these more complex adjustments, consciousness or the power of feeling or the sense of willing are of some use. Assuredly on the principles of evolution, which materialists at all events cannot afford to disregard, it would bestrange strange the fact that so wide and important a class of the faculties of mind should have become developed in constantly ascending degrees throughout the animal kingdom entirely were entire without use to animals.”

E. Roy John, a neurophysiologist, in 1976 stated that-

“We do not understand the nature of … the physical and chemical interactions which produce mental experience. We do not know how big a neuronal system must be before it can sustain the critical reactions, nor whether the critical reactions depend exclusively upon the properties of neurons or only require a particular organization of energy and matter”.

Moreover, the Romanes came to a conclusion that-

“In sum, consciousness appears to be the major way in which the central nervous system adapts to the novel, challenging and informative events in the world.”

Thomas Huxley cited the observation that-

“The doctrine of continuity is too well established for it to be permissible to me to suppose that any complex natural phenomenon comes into existence suddenly, and without being preceded by simpler modifications; and very strong arguments would be needed to prove that such complex phenomena as those of consciousness, first make their appearance in man.”

William Uttal observed that-

“There is an a priori requirement that some substantial portion, perhaps a majority, of the synapses that occur at the terminals of the myriad synaptic contacts of the three-dimensional (neural) lattice must be inhibitory. Otherwise, the system would be in a constant state of universal excitement after the very first input signal, and no coherent adaptive response to complex stimuli would be possible.”

Consciousness in the Physical World

Humans own their physical bodies to live in this world and take advantage of the physical technologies. This is why humans are categorized as conscious beings with the sense of feeling, desires, thoughts, emotions, and imaginations. 

Consciousness appears solely attached to the physical world since it links our minds and the earth we live in. It depends on the complicated bio-physical structure, including the human nervous system. 

There are various competing concepts on the dynamics, nature, and structure of human consciousness, particularly the related activities between the brain and consciousness. 

Human consciousness is a complex phenomenon. In consciousness, we experience a frequent variety of different thoughts, desires, emotions, and feelings. This also includes a consciousness of our body and its movement, imaginations, intentions, acts of will, future prediction, and memories of the past. Therefore, consciousness is a highly complicated entity that requires thorough research.

There is both unity and diversity within human consciousness. The dynamic and integrative existence of human experience is referred to as “holistic consciousness.” Consciousness is dynamic with many distinctive components of “holistic consciousness. 

Moreover, each new level of increased pattern appears to introduce a more complex evolution and change mechanism. Thus it generates an “evolution of evolution” and lubricates the rate of evolution.

In the end, creativity pervades the current evolutionary process and particularly emerges the new level of complexity. The present creation is a significant measure of evolution. Consciousness is rooted and evolved within this evolutionary physical world. 

However, two distinct views on future consciousness are stated below,

● “Consciousness was present within the physical universe from its beginning, even if in an ill-defined form.”

● “Primordial consciousness only emerged within physical systems after these systems had achieved some necessary level of complexity (e.g., the formation of a primitive nervous system in animals) and after that time began to further increase in complexity.”

Both the views put consciousness in biological evolution, as evolving in complexity besides time. 

Persistent Evolution and Past and Future Consciousness

Evolution is not only a process occurring across subsequent generations but also an evolutionary process. There is a transformative and dynamic quality of human consciousness. This continuing dynamic quality displays an evolutionary pattern and directions throughout an individual’s life. In evolution, the lifespan of every conscious mind is an analysis of the creature’s growth.

The evolutionary measurements of an individual conscious mind are more noticeable as the “underlying physical system across evolutionary stages,” which becomes more complex. Human consciousness shows remarkable development throughout its life span with regards to stability, survival, and preservation. Besides time, the complexity of the human mind has increased and also the maturity. 

The expansion of past and future consciousness is one measure of the total evolutionary trajectory within living organisms towards expanding consciousness in both time and space. The present evolutionary process (which is mirrored or recapitulated in individual minds’ psychological development from birth to maturity) enhances historical, global, cosmic, and ecological consciousness. However, the primary measurement of wisdom is an expansion of knowledge and awareness. 

Society and the Self

Humans’ conscious mind has been the ongoing development of a core of experience and the integrative coordinator. The conscious human self is self evaluatory. It coordinates with the various angles of success with meaningful human thoughts and actions. Thereby, it implies that humans learn from experience, emotions, ideas, and actions. 

Moreover, a person self engages in self-talk, providing a continuing story to elucidate and guide future development. The self is the audience, narrator, and the main character in the self-reflexive story, which narrates the self about itself. Thus, it can be noticed that the human self is meaningfully evolving, pushing itself up by “its bootstraps.” The self has obtained progressively with better clarity, self-control, and self-awareness than the evolution in humans’ history. 

Therefore, the true nature evolution is self instead of “no man is an island.” Individual conscious minds and society form an interchanging evolution. On one end, the continuing evolution of an individual’s conscious mind requires a “social interaction and shaping.” And on the other hand, individual conscious minds “facilitate social-culture evolution.”

In both cases, the evolutionary process takes place under the guidance of future consciousness and the intent to develop the personal, intellectual and mutual evaluation. 

Others educated every human; attempting to clone others’ identity; presents ourselves within the evaluation’s social ground. We showcase ourselves and voice our beliefs on social grounds parallel to genetic variations populating an ecosystem. 

A common argument is, the individual self is a hindrance to the future evolution of consciousness and human society. A moral factor of the future evolution of consciousness and human society reflects the capacity of purposeful evolution. “We do not need to transcend our egos; we need to strengthen them.”

Theory of Singularity

There has been evolution after evolution, hence increasing the complexity. This can be stated as “singularity,” where the succeeding evolutionary standard is incoherent related to the previous standard. 

Humanity and its descendants are inserted within the evolutionary process and pass through one or more successive “singularities” in the future. The self-conscious humans will be absolute through our actions of evolution. “We are a journey, rather than a destination”- is a chapter in the evolutionary saga rather than its culmination. 

In sci-fi, the creation of wise and conscious devices has been a familiar genre. According to the present researches, in between a few decades, humans will generate computers possessing memory and processing tendencies far beyond the human brain through installing human minds or artificial intelligence at a human level. We humans will be able to create non-biological conscious minds. 

The two primary concerns regarding future consciousness need to be addressed. Creating an intelligent, conscious mind seems to possess a sound theory of consciousness and its fit in the physical world. Secondly, artificial intelligence theories intend to overemphasize the human mind’s coherent dimensions to exclude feelings, value, motivation, and personal identity. 

A variant and broad concept of the conscious mind needs to comprehensively enclose the human mind’s complex and rich character. However, efforts to address features of the puzzled consciousness are a mystery of the conscious human mind.

Future Evolution of Consciousness

Human evolution will result from purposeful evolution, governed by our highly evolved tendencies of future consciousness. It is a moral issue for humans’ future and will be the ongoing articulation of better evolution methods.

Like in the past, we kept working on debating, revising, and improving upon our answers. What will then be preferred for future consciousness? Consciousness should be physiologically holistic, and our views of preferred ways for our evolution should be holistic as well.

The basic standards of determining human evolution’s preferred directions must be consonant with our understanding of the introductory human psychology, human condition, consciousness, and total nature of reality. A static view of an ideal human is ultimately counterproductive and misleading.

It is the nature of our self-consciousness that we purposefully guide and maximize the evolutionary process with skills. Therefore, we should not only intend towards developing in the direction of evolution. But we should also intend to progressively increase our tendencies to improve the physiological process of human development. 

According to psychological research, when humans are developing, they experience long-standing happiness. When they are controlled in their life, they feel greater joy and are more productive in generating positive psychological states. These states of development are further realization and improvement of the good life and direct towards happiness.

However, the enhancement of future consciousness is integral to developing and tends to grow at even higher levels in the future. Future consciousness is the “psychologically holistic guidance system” for humans that directs future evolution. Moreover, it identifies the growing states of development as the ideal pathway for our present state of conscious evolution. The future consciousness is the core tendency to realize this direction. 

Education and Self-Evolution

Education has served its purpose in developing human consciousness. Formal education provides a variety of functions in personal development. The meaningful development of knowledge and wisdom would help to better human life, both collectively and individually. 

Our present education system has sadly come under administrators’ hands and those who deny evolution as a general model of human and natural reality. Inside such an environment, our teaching system has been compromised. On the brighter side, these measures will fail. It is wiser to understand our role in society and ethically follow the process rather than refuse it. 

Self-evolution and understanding of how evolution takes place in humans are the primary development in the young generation. Education should centrally serve human nature and cosmic reality as evolutionary measures and influence intentionally and unintentionally throughout human history. 

Time Malleability

Time is abstract; i.e., it only exists in our allied minds. According to Carlo Rovelli, a theoretical physicist, time is an illusion. Moreover, he profoundly states that “reality is a complex network of events on which we project sequences of past, present, and future.” 

The formation of our brain memos is dependent on the social structures of the digital world. This helps memory to develop with the use of technology on a broader prospect. 

Narrating stories has influenced the way we conceptualize memory and time. It taught us to imagine historical places, utopias of the future, and possible words. Because of evolution, our brains are different from that of our grandparents when it comes to the brain’s memorizing power and the capacity to withhold consciousness.

The traditional theory of memory and time omits experience and application of the constitution of time consciousness. 

The main aim is how to tackle time-consciousness. Therefore, it can account for the fundamental changes in the constitution of memory as we come across it in the digital age. 

Materialist and Idealist Concepts

J.M.E. McTaggart distinguishes time as the composition by past, present, and the future. On the one hand, It contains memory, prediction, and impression as coherent methods and, on the other hand, the time structure after or before relations. He concludes that ultimately time is unreal. It means time does not exist outside the human experience.

However, the question of establishing time is prevalent, according to the continental tradition of time theory. According to Kantian theory, time is “dematerialized.” It says that time is not related to matter anymore. Instead, it is treated as an immediate establishment with no outer correlation. 

Edmund Husserl, the phenomenological theory founder, described the constitution of time within the context in deeper insight. He analyzes the constitutional process of time in consciousness besides the theory of intentionality. Time is neither a substance nor a property of things. Time is an intuition,i.e., a way of forming up the world. Without time there would be no objects to formulate. Hence, time is a necessary factor to sustain in this universe.

The existence of memory and time is based on subjectivity. According to McTaggart’s theory, memory is not a topic, given that he refers to time from a purely analytical view. According to Mellor, time is a concept and not a subject. 

Time: As a Material Process

Mark B.N. Hansen developed a concept of time that impacts the idea that time is described by change and can change itself by subliminal processes of temporary material. He further develops time in the face of the new media art and its interpreting character. 

In phenomenology, time-consciousness and time experience are central questions. Time itself is never given as an object, as every possible object of consciousness needs to be given. Thereby, time belongs to its configuration of appearance. 

Time-consciousness is analyzed with an object. But every object is mentioned in time is temporary. According to Hansen, digital media specifies a temporary structure that reaches beyond eternal human abilities. It also alters human methods of remembering time.

Hansen’s theory was media pluralistic in a sense. It comprises the entire variety of media forms, stating that there is “no time in itself.” The main reason behind Hansen’s stressing upon a plurality of media is that the arguments are aimed against time’s subjectivity. 

Hansen aggregates the views of a medial a “priority” with a phenomenological concept of time-consciousness. He draws on that approach his deliberations of the “ontological foundation” of time that seems to stand in “no substantive relation” to his theory of time. He also states time-consciousness as an “embodied consciousness.” In his 2004 interpretation of Douglas Gordon and Bill Viola’s media artworks, he states these time-consciousness questions. 

Stiegler’s theory emphasized the retention theory of time-consciousness. He introduces a third type of recollection of the past along with retention and memory. Here retention is the immediate past in mind at the present moment, and memory is the active reproduction of past events. Both are alternative modes of consciousness. 

The theory of tertiary memory does not define a mode of consciousness rather the externally stored past. Stiegler proposed a “structural coupling between media technology and consciousness.” The factors on time-consciousness are structured by external intervals and are invaded by technological constituted temporary memories and patterns. 

Further, Hansen criticizes Stiegler’s concepts. Hansen states that Stiegler informed time-consciousness as a “universal model of perception.” As Hansen figured the temporary object of the melody to describe time-consciousness. Hansen further concludes the effect of tertiary memory. According to Hansen, Stiegler neglects the critical part of the embodied approach. 

Hansen concludes in the matter of digital art that time is not according to the human paradigm. He further concludes that-

“By the way, it’s (Empire 24/7, Y.F.) constitutive hybridity – it’s capacity to present what is (normally) unpresentable, to aestheticize and mediate what remains beyond aesthetics and media – Empire 24/7 manages to capture and to express our cultural passage to a new kind of temporal reality, one in which human time-consciousness has been marginalized, or perhaps more accurately, in which the functioning of time-consciousness and the functioning of technical inscription of time have parted ways. By presenting to spectatorial consciousness what normally remains below its perceptual threshold – the technical artifactualization of the minimal before-after structure of time – Staehle’s work thus demonstrates how extensively processes of temporalization, including those of human temporalization, depend on post-mediatic technics”.

Hansen defines media as a necessary trace of human cognition from which it originates. Even after the technical grounds have changed to a hyper-complex structure that surpasses the simple user-device relation, there is a relation with subjectivity in the broader prospect. The theory of time needs to be integrated with the intertwining of subjective and objective structures and not by strengthening their opposition. 

Digital Amnesia

Amnesia is a state of loss of memory. Moreover, Digital Amnesia refers to the loss of information that people forget to retrieve from a digital device. Many researchers say, when we store something externally, we encourage our minds to erase it. Thereby, if we do not recollect memories, it fades with time. 

Human memory’s uncertainty is well known to psychologists. Even today, we frequently underestimate the capacity of the mind to diddle. We are indeed completely dependent on digital media for our everyday life. Besides the rapid development of the digital world, no one wants to struggle for simple things. No one bothers remembering phone numbers, important days, and dates anymore, as they are just a phone away to collect all the essential facts. Smartphones have completely altered our lives. They connect us with people worldwide and provide us information at our fingertips. However, excessive use of digital media can also cause permanent memory loss in humans. 

Nancy Dennis, Penn State associate professor of psychology, said, “Without a doubt, technology has transformed our lives and has also seemingly altered the way our brains work. However, that’s not necessarily a bad thing.”

Paul Kletchka, system and network security analyst in Penn State’s Office of Information Security, said, “Through such security measures as incorporating strong passwords, keeping operating systems and apps up to date with the latest versions, and being careful of what’s downloaded, users will be able to secure and protect the information no longer stored in their minds.”

Smartphones and Teenagers

The increased exposure to smartphones has had a negative impact on the mind of teenagers as it results in the decreasing of memorizing power. It might be the reason why our ancestors were able to memorize vast things that our generation lacks.

Distraction is one of the reasons for memory formation. We are much focused on grabbing knowledge and information at a time but hardly focusing on one thing. This is the reason we lack skill in a single task.

Humans are hungry for information. They want more and more information at a time. Smartphones provide vast knowledge, but the human brain’s exposure to smartphones’ radiations is unpleasant. 

According to the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) researchers, the brain’s right hemisphere helps to figure out images, patterns, and shapes, and hence, teenagers who hold their phones to their right ears are most affected. 

Mike McNeese, former senior associate dean of Penn State’s College of Information Sciences and Technology and director of the Multi-disciplinary Initiatives and Naturalistic Decision Systems Lab, said, “In today’s society, where we have Twitter, Facebook, and other social networking technologies, the memory becomes a social cognitive phenomenon in which our technological devices allow us to be more highly coupled with friends, family, and colleagues. As a result, we engage in information processing in ways we didn’t have before the advent of cellphones. Through interaction with others, we exercise our brains, and those memories have more meaning and become constructed and encoded in our minds.”

Consuming Human Memory

According to many types of research, the use of digital devices is weakening human memory power. People use search engines instead of memorizing information. 

For example- In earlier days, people used to remember hundreds of phone numbers as they had to dial in a telephone. But smartphones have done the work easier indeed! 

Maria Wimber from the University of Birmingham said, “The trend of looking up information prevents the build-up of long-term memories.” 

According to a study of the memory habits of 6,000 adults in Italy, France, Spain, UK, Germany, Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg, it was found that more than one-third would turn first to computers to recall information. 

Dr. Wimber said, “Our brain appears to strengthen a memory each time we recall it, and at the same time forget irrelevant memories that are distracting us.” According to her, remembering information is a very efficient method to create a permanent memory. 

According to the study of Kaspersky Lab, a cybersecurity firm, people have become habitual to using digital devices as an alternative to their brains. People forget important information because it can be quickly gained from a digital source in an instance. 

The studies also enlighten how storing personal information in digital mode has become a trend. One can easily get his/her friend’s birthday by checking his social media profile or setting a reminder. It may be handy, but this has made humans indolent.

Lack of functioning of the brain may be critical at times. It will only function when people use their brains and memory to remember things rather than digital devices. 

Dr. Wimber also said that “There also seems to be a risk that the constant recording of information on digital devices makes us less likely to commit this information to long-term memory, and might even distract us from properly encoding an event as it happens.”

Shaw says, “By having social media dictate which experiences count as the most meaningful in our lives, it is potentially culling the memories that are considered less shareable. Simultaneously it is reinforcing the memories collectively chosen as the most likable, potentially making some memories seem more meaningful and memorable than they originally were.” 

Digital Evolution

Digital evolution has both boons and bans. It has helped people be free from the burden of holding too much information in their brains, as too much information may also hamper the brain’s development. However, as discussed above, everything comes with both positive and negative values of its own. 

90% of the human population relies on digital sources for information. Digital Amnesia is making it possible for people to free their mind space and think of more creativity. People are more updated about the day-to-day happenings of the world they live in. 

One must know to use the information he wants. Social Media has good as well as bad news to share. The bad news spreads more rapidly than the good ones, as people love to exaggerate. Distinguishing the good and the bad is what makes humans special.

The younger generations are more concerned about digital media technologies than the older ones. They are more interested in getting exposure to the digital world.

On average, 42% have admitted to feeling concerned about their dependence on digital media to store information. Moreover, the older generation is better at understanding what information is stored on their devices and efficiently manage it. They are most likely to obtain information from their device regularly. 

However, the rise of Digital Amnesia put forward fears and stress as well as excitement. If its effect continues to evolve, people will preserve their memories in their digital sources. 

Dr. Kathryn Mills, UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, said, “Reliance on digital devices, and the trust we place in them, can resemble a human relationship. The feelings are established in the same way through the experience. Repeated experience with a reliable individual builds a schematic or association for that individual in our memory, telling us that this person can depend. If a digital device is continually reliable, then we will build that into our schema of that device.” 

The study results also showed that the data stored in the digital devices would cause stress, especially among younger ones and women. 

Online Information

Information is a broader area of knowledge. Humans are more inclined towards gaining more and more knowledge. The online mode of our life has taken us to the extreme height of information. However, while using an online mode of collecting information, one must be aware of social media pirates.  

People, while using the internet, must take some precautions. IT crimes are frequently occurring these days. Hackers are waiting eagerly for people to trap. The digital world is therefore responsible for the making of hackers and the people who are trapped.

It is also true that online information has changed the scenario of human living, making it simpler. One can easily get sufficient information just by sitting at home. During the pandemic days, the digital world has helped people a lot. Moreover, the majority of the task was done online. It would have cost people a lot of digital media did not exist.

Digital devices served our life, but they have also had negative impacts. Many people underestimate the bitter consequence of digital amnesia. But its adverse effects are unexpected and leave us in a genuine threat. 

Digital amnesia is a growing trend among the generations. Therefore, people need to have deep research about this trend to protect the information that we do not store in our minds. 

Overcome Digital Amnesia

Interestingly, the term Digital Amnesia did not exist before 2015. It was after Kaspersky Lab’s survey that the term came into existence. He questioned over 6,000 customers and witnessed the direct linkbetween data availability and the failure to recognize it.

After this study, the term Digital Amnesia was proposed,’ and it has gained a lot of popularity in the past four to five years.

According to Better India, a Mumbai-based psychotherapist Binaifer Sahukar, “Our dependence on smartphones is increasing rapidly. A simple example being that everyday routes to college and work need to be looked upon in Google Maps. This is quite dangerous because people keep their eyes off the road for a considerable period. There was a time when people remembered 8- and 10-digit phone numbers; today, it’s a task to remember one’s number.”

Things that can cure Digital Amnesia and improve your memory power-

● One can write things down to avoid forgetting them. While reading, one ignores the boring parts and only focuses on the highlighted words or sentences. Write your passwords, dates, and other essential things in a notebook.

● Try to solve your problems or questions before switching on to google. Write the mathematical formulas in a formula copy, or you can refer directly to the formula book.

● You can set alarms and reminders for essential works, but it is advised to execute them before time. 

● You can put your phone on digital mode overnight. It will prevent you from checking the phone constantly. You will be able to concentrate on whatever task you are executing.

● You can type the phone numbers instead of referring to the contacts section on your phone. You can also maintain a telephone directory for collecting essential numbers. 

● Keep yourself engaged in some work. Join co-curricular activities and learn new things. It will help your mind to focus on one task at a time.

● Try not to meet your friends in video calling. Instead, try to meet them physically once they are free.

● Avoid being engrossed with online games, instead go out to play outdoor games. This will help you to stay physically fit as well.

● Try to spend more time with your family and close friends. The older generations at your home may need someone to talk about their loneliness. 

Recalling Memories May Make Us Forget

The idea that the very act of remembering can cause forgetting is surprising and could tell us more about selective memory and self-deception.” __ Michael Anderson

Why do we forget? What makes us forget? Is it necessary to put up with the inconveniences of our memory failures?

Before getting into it, let’s get into a short but exciting story.

Richard Morris, the 2016 Brain Award Winner, shared a little story.

Richard Morris lives in Edinburgh in Scotland, and he had to go on a business trip to London. So he left for the trip in the middle of the winter. He took a train and headed for his destination. He depicted that it was scorching hot in the metro, so he took off his winter coat and peaceably waited for the station to come.

When he reached Oxford Circus, he got off the train as he had to attend the meeting over there. Just then, he realized that he left his winter coat on the train. He then went to the station master and narrated the whole incident that happened to him.

The station master, after contacting someone, conveyed a message to Richard Morris that a kind member of the public has handed over the coat to the station authorities.

Richard Morris rushed to take off a train, went to the next station, and reached the station office.

By then, he realized that he forgot his briefcase in the previous station.

So he had to explain to the station authorities and pleaded with them to phone back the Oxford Circus station authorities to know about his briefcase.

Then he rushed back to Oxford Circus, groping his winter coat so tight, and finally got reunited with his briefcase.

What does one understand after going through the story mentioned above?

Isn’t it annoying for the fact that we forget something?

It is most embarrassing.

But to put forward the fact that Forgetting is the perfectly-known part of memory.

After the scientific research, we learned that the Brain contains 100 billion neurons and 10 million billion connections that help us memorize everything we see, hear, smell, taste, and touch.

What Happens when we memorize something?

When we try to learn or memorize something, there is a small organ called Hippocampus. It’s just inside the middle of the temporal lobe, and it’s the most critical structure which plays a significant role in learning and memory.

So when we try to learn to memorize or understand something, the hippocampus data are transferred to the various sensory system and then passes through this sensory system to a single area of the brain, which somehow builds up the connections. Then it is stored as Memory.

What makes us forget?

The research found that approximately 56% of memory is forgotten within an hour, 66% within a day, and 75% within six days.

The real reason behind Forgetting is our brain has tremendous capabilities of storing, but its capacity of storing is limited.

There are several reasons.

Decay Theory

According to this theory, when a memory is created, it is stored in a new form, and over time these memory traces tend to fade or disappear. If the memory is not retrieved, then eventually, it is lost.

Suppose in old age people tend to forget certain things. It’s because of this Decay Theory. Memory traces are faded, and it is not easy to retrieve them.

Fail in Storing Memories

Sometimes it’s not about forgetting; there are times when there are failures in stories, which eventually leads to not forming connections or storage.

Suppose when we are absent-minded in a lecture, we fail to recollect whatever has been said or taught.

Motivation to Forget

There are times when we tend to work actively to forget certain things, especially when there are some depressing, traumatic, and bad Memories.

Suppose we go through a phase where we were in depression or anxiety, and when we finally recover from that phase, we tend to work actively to forget all the incidents because those incidents may cause pain, fear, etc., again.

Interference Theory

It is quite easier to remember recent activities than to remember long-term memories.

‘Transience’ refers to the deterioration of specific memory over time.

In this Interference Theory, Transience occurs because all the memories interfere with each other and interfere with recalling other specific Memories.

Proactive and Retroactive Interference can cause us to forget memories permanently because they impact how well we can recall a memory.

Proactive Interference is the phenomenon where old Memories interfere or hinder the formation of new memories and eventually inhibit the ability to remember the new memories. Subsequently, we lose the memories.

Retroactive Interference is when new memories tend to replace the old memories or old memories are changed by the new ones; sometimes, it tends to change so much that the original memory fades and becomes impossible to retrieve.

This is when newly learned memory hinders or impeded the recalling of the old ones.

This is the reason why Recalling Memories makes us Forget.

 Cue-dependent Forgetting

Sometimes when we store a memory, we tend to store it based on emotional state.

For example, if we tend to fight with aggression with someone and later on when our aggression is lowered, we forget the fight.

Sometimes if that kind of emotional state isn’t created often, we tend to lose all the memories associated with the emotion and eventually fail to retrieve it.

There are other kinds of forgetting as well, such as Absent-mindedness, Amnesia, Blocking, etc.

While forgetting cannot be avoided, one should understand the reasons behind it. There are many reasons for forgetting. In some cases, many factors, it is extremely difficult to recall a piece of information. Understanding the factors that influence forgetting makes it easier to improve memory.

Deep Fakes and Memory Malleability

Have you heard the term Deep Fakes and wondered what it is?

Well, Deep Fakes uses a form of artificial intelligence called deep learning to make images and audios of fake events.

In recent times, Deep Fakes are the worst concerns within the entire society. These days collection of compelling images, audio, and video through virtual medium is easy and cheap. This easily and cheaply generated audio, video and pictures have severe repercussions within Political, Law, Security, Privacy, and across the entire society.

Looking at the current grim situation, numerous several technologies have been built up that aims to develop tools to differentiate between actual or original audio/images with fake ones.

These tools will aid the audience, mainly when they are vulnerable. However, recent research shows that deep fakes can be created to provide credible representation, but they have the power to frame false memories.

What pops into the mind when we think of memory? 

Whether it is a fond recollection of lovable pets or what we had in as our breakfast or lunch, our memories are based on what we know and what we care about.

The added information and beliefs can occupy memories and perhaps even permanently change or alter them. When the added suggestive information is given to us, we believe it to be accurate or consider it to be facts, and the brain fills in the gap with things that match the particular belief. This is called Memory Malleability.

For example, in a research conducted by notable memory researcher Elizabeth Loftus, several participants were adverted for a Bugs Bunny feature in Disneyland. Eventually, they were asked if they met Bugs Bunny and shook hands with them on their trip to Disneyland.

Even though Bugs Bunny is a Warner Brothers character and it will not be found in Disneyland, a significant proportion of participants recorded to have met Bugs Bunny.

This misleading fake poster had been enough to trick the participants.

Memory Malleability has been around for some time, but it relied on photographs and texts to generate fraudulent recollections.

These recollected memories use our intellectual miserliness, which favors selecting those recalled memories that provoke the virtual world.

Even smart people can fall into the trap when false. However, these memories strike us only when we are in a vulnerable state of mind.

How can one guard the memory against intrusion, and why is it very easy to infiltrate fake information into the brain?

It is interesting to know that human memory is very fragile during the initial stages of its development. There are 100 million brain cells called Neurons responsible for forming memory connections to form memory traces.

A memory may constitute many different kinds of perceptual information, such as a various sensory system that depends upon the activation of neurons from the other brain areas.

This information is stored in the Hippocampus, which is the most critical structure present in the medium temporal lobe, which is responsible for the creation of Connections, and these connections are transferred to the sensory system to a single area that forms brain traces.

Here, memories undergo a process of amalgamation in which these connections are strengthened, and it becomes more stable.

While the traces of memory is first embedded in Medium Temporal Lobe, this theory suggests that the long-term memory storage depends upon the anatomical relocation of memory patterns to the outer cortex, where they remain perhaps for many decades.

Faking a piece of content is not a new concept. However, deep fake methods easily manipulate video, audio, or images with a high potential to deceive.

Deep Fakes mechanism goes through a full process where lots of training and learning are required to form a network of digital deep fake architectures that influence the virtual audience negatively.

Let’s learn more about it via a fictional short story.

A man named Charlie was honored with the Oscar as the best film director. He was filled with nerves, pride, and other mixed emotions.

As his name was announced, he went up to get the award and also to give a good speech. He commenced his speech by appreciating his parents, wife, and daughter. He then paused for a while because he was out of words. He forgot everything that he planned to say.

He then thanked the entire crew, his collaborator, and best friend, Nick.

He then raised his award and concluded his speech.

Charlie, without knowing the fact that he had deceived the audience and millions of viewers on TV. He deceived as he made up a fake story to enhance the speech.

This is an example of Deep Fakes.

Several Applications of Deep Fakes


Deep fakes can be used to generate blackmail materials to implicate the victim falsely. Howbeit, since the fake content cannot reliably be differentiated from genuine materials, victims of actual blackmail can now claim that the authentic mementos are fakes, granting them credible deniability.


Many deep fakes on the internet feature pornography of people, primarily female celebrities. The most disturbing fact is that their consent is not taken while uploading the pictures or videos. Deepfake pornography first came out on the internet during the latter half of 2017, mainly on Reddit. According to a report of Dutch cybersecurity startup Deeptrace, 96% of all deep fakes are obscene and related to porn.


Deep fakes are used to misrepresent well-known politicians in videos, images, and as well as audios. Especially through entertainment, Deep Fakes have established loads of fake facts about politics. 

 Recently, the FBI has warned of the rise of deep fakes in the coming months and explain how to spot the deep fakes.

● The FBI has given a strict warning saying that “malicious actors will certainly influence false content with foreign influence for the next two and half years.

● The FBI has also pointed to an increase in the number of fake journalists and articles circulating online. While these journalists had a “powerful online appearance,” their fraudulence can be uncovered by “basic fact-checks.”

How to Spot Deep Fakes?

FBI, in its statement, has also given information on how to spot deep fakes. Too much space between the subject’s eyes and head and torso movements and issues of synchronization between face and lip movements are the main points to consider while looking out for deep fakes.

The University of Buffalo has produced a mechanism for spotting Deep Fakes. It is also claiming the device to be 94% effective with lower success rates in non-portrait pictures.

The rising rates of Deep Fakes have created havoc in the minds of society. To be vigilant and aware is the need of the hour. We need to be sharp enough to Spot a Deep Fake and tackle it mindfully.

IDENTITY: Digital Dualism, cyborg-ism and the crisis of representation

“Digital-dualism” is relied upon the belief that the real and virtual realities are largely separate and distinct.

Digital Dualists’ perspective is that digital content is very different from virtual reality to the real-world found in physical space.

The term “Digital Dualism” was termed by the founder of Cyborgology Blog Nathan Jugerson in 2011.

In today’s era, the idea of Digital Dualism is becoming highly unpopular because of the involvement of prominent individuals in Social media.

Rather than keep the real and virtual worlds separate, social media platforms such as Twitter, LinkedIn, etc., are often being involved in connecting people online and offline as well.

For example, when people form networking online, they plan to meet virtual friends offline to strengthen the connection.

Technology is established so that it has become difficult to separate natural and virtual realities—they kind of overlap with each other.

As a result, people accept what they see in virtual and tend to believe it but little did they know that it is a whole separate thing and far away from reality. In this case, Virtual World is considered to be a reflection of the real world.

For example:-

Virtual Reality (VR) in Military

The military personnel uses VR for Virtual simulation, flight simulation, battlefield simulation, etc.

VR in the Military is also used to treat Post Traumatic Stress Disorder for soldiers who had returned from combat or the battlefield.

Virtual Reality (VR) in Sports

Coaches can use virtual Reality, players to train themselves properly and more efficiently across a range of sports as they can experience, see certain situations, work on them and improve them.

Virtual Reality (VR) in Mental Health

Patients with Depression and Anxiety, when treated using VR, find it the most effective way to manage stress and cope with it.

They concluded that meditating via VR proves more effective in recovering from Depression or Anxiety.

Virtual Reality (VR) in Medical Training

As there is much interaction in VR, most dental and medical students have begun using VR in different kinds of Surgery, treatment, and procedures allowing for an accessible learning environment.

Virtual Reality (VR) in Education

Virtual Reality has proven to be effective for students with Autism.

It has also provided a perfect learning environment for students to interact. Now the students can be taken on virtual field trips to Planetarium, Museum, or even look into the solar system.

These were several Applications of Virtual Reality in various fields.

This is why Nathan Jugerson developed the term “Digital Dualism” to argue that it is a misconception.

“Cyborg-ism or it’s also known as Cybernetic Organism or “Cyborg.”

An organism with a mixture of biological and technical aspects term a Cybernetic Organism. Some definitions also convey it to be a fictional and hypothetical invention/creation.

However, in a technical sense, humans can also come under the category of “cyborg” basing on various situations, including artificial intelligence implants.

The word “cyborg” actually means the way we human keep in close touch with various technologies, be it an attachment with the most straightforward technology.

We can term a human a Cyborg if he/she has some artificial implants such as pacemakers, artificial heart valves, insulin pumps, cochlear implants, etc., fitted in his body.

A person can also be termed a Cyborg if they are in contact with specific wearable or usable technologies such as Laptops, Mobile Phones, Computers, Google Glasses, etc., that will be able to achieve the task.

In this recent Covid Pandemic, every human being has been evolved as a Cyborg. Be it be being in Laptop in their Work from hours or being in Mobile phones to end their boredom.

However, there is another meaning of a Cyborg if there is the involvement of fictional images of human beings with improved virtual-reality power, robotic mix on limbs and body, and other important human body structures with IT components. It is also known as “Cyborg.”

In “Cyborg Manifesto,” Donna Harway teaches us that we all should think of the world as a network of machines and human beings, interposed by rambling and semantic rules.

It is now essential for us to contemplate our whereabouts in this involvement.

How is our own identity formed and performed in the light of the new spatial dynamics offered to us by the internet?

According to the Algorithmic Inequalities and Equalities, we contemplate digital identities in three ways: philosophical, societal, and ethical. Philosophically, we question the concept of “digital-dualism” and imagined the physical (absolute) dissociation from the virtual.

Where does the Human Body start and end?

How does our perspective on ‘authentic’ get affected by the approach of what we think as “real” and what we believe as “virtual”?

Why aren’t we able to differentiate between Real and Virtual Realities?

While our identities are pursued, commissariat, cataloged in regular time intervals, we discuss how digital footprints add newer, exciting features to the historicity of self.

The algorithmic subject changes very often or is said to be constantly changing.

For example, a person’s identity on Facebook may include a different custodian practice from his identity on Instagram, yet code-switching is not always restricted.

Code-switching allows differently disadvantaged people in a society to exist, connect and dodge censorship measures.

An instance was published in the Newyorker Comic in 1993: “On the Internet, no one knows you’re a dog.” It’s a ballad to the joys and problems of having an unnamed nonmonolithic identity.

It’s a need of the hour that to differentiate between real and virtual realities. We need to be vigilant and conscious about it. We have to distinguish between Real and Virtual Realities, even if in small instances.

Remembering and

Forgetting In The Digital Age

More and more information is being fabricated and consumed in the digital form in today’s modern society. The digital platform has caused massive disruption across multiple encephala, as it has led to the speeding up of information sharing and dynamism in the post-modern society, where such information is readily available at devices to be called up at any moment we carry on our pockets. The garner of such digital information has become so more accessible and cheaper that people don’t strain themselves in remembering things manually rather than digitally. People nowadays are too much relegated with the large-scale computing centers, SIM cards, and now to nebulous clouds that are seemingly accessible at any location. But let’s compare the modern digital era with those of the blogs written in plague paper documents than those of the digital information that is deceptively vulnerable. Continuous curation is required to preserve its availability. So the aspects of the current digital data ecosphere which we inhabit have made a gradual imbalance between remembering and forgetting.

The imbalance has triggered a debate within the information law community: first concerning the concept of “right to be forgotten” about the personal data retrieved by search engines and how such right should become an explicit element of data protection law. Amid the debate, the equivalent contribution of Sir Viktor Mayer Schoenberger’s book ‘delete’ appeared, furnishing an eloquent contribution to the discussion and appeal for the technical implementation of such right. Then came the European Court of Justice’s decision, which effectively confirmed the existence of such a right. On the heels of the recent enactment decision of the General Data Protection Regulation by the Eu Parliament, which explicitly acknowledged and expanded upon its right?

For quite much time before, remembering and forgetting in individuals had become a subject of interest in medical science and psychology were the insights on the research on human encephalon and its use of technology advances in the representation technology. Medical science has identified the fact of forgetting and remembering things. After a long duration of research and a deep study of human encephalon it has been noticed that due to the improvisation of the modern ace of technology people has left the job of pressurizing their brains to remember things when it is readily available on the internet and due to this unhealthy imbalance, people tend to forget things faster.

In yet another context, it has been noticed that the human encephalon is not only seeking increased attention on social media, but on the other hand, it’s affecting the internal storage system, which on the contrary, does not let us remember things in order. Sometimes we tend to forget certain things. The advancement in technology has not only poured us with a bunch of knowledge outsourcing and made us advance in all the spheres of life, but also it affected us by generating certain diseases like a brain tumor. Therefore what makes us lazy is nothing but the great growth of technology in the past few decades.

Technology is making people forget things, the experts who advised on digital amnesia reports highlight how a failure to make use of memories. For example, preferring to search online can ultimately result in dilution or disappearance of those memories. Our brain works at a practice. Every time we call a certain memory, it gets strong in our brain, and as we tend to forget an incident, our brain also forgets the memory. Past research has repeatedly demonstrated that actively remembering information is an efficient way to create a permanent memory. In contrast, passively repeating information (e.g., frequently looking it up on the internet) does not make a solid, lasting memory trace in the same way. Therefore, from all the researches, it is a proven fact that not remembering even before recalling a memory affects it.

Technology has made our life smooth. Technology has built so that we tend to get attracted towards the modern world of technology, where technology is making things so easier and user friendly. Technology is showering magic on every person’s life without which they can’t even imagine their world technology.

Technology has been a cause of the memory’s disappearance because in today’s modern technology world if we tend to forget a small thing, technology hinders our remembering those forgotten tales. The rapid change in the current technology has helped people in several fields, be it standing in a queue for some banking transactions or is its advancement in medical science, everywhere technology has taken its way to lead people on their path to success.

Let’s take the example of advancement in the field of electricity. If we give a quick recall, we can reminisce about the first way of inventing electricity invented by none other than the great scientist of 18th century Sir Benjamin Franklin. Then we came across electricity. With the rapid advancement in technology, electricity has taken a new root towards improvement and is now more easily accessible and handy. Similarly, if we take the example of internet banking, where people can easily have access to their bank accounts and can extricate themselves from fraud, the critical part of this internet banking is people don’t have to wait in an everlasting que and can easily access their bank accounts from any place even while traveling. This is the magic of technology where people can easily access their subject matter without remembering things.

But the drawback of this digital age is drastically affecting the human encephalon. Nowadays, in modern technology, the manual function one by the human encephalon degrades as the technology hinders the manual toiling. So, technology is making our lives so much technical, that’s why we tend to become lazy and pour all our work towards technology. 

+T security can be the early casualty of our impatience to access information online. It has been found that 18 percent to 22 percent of people aged up to 24 opts for speed by denying protection. Therefore, it is opening the gateway for malicious software to corrupt all our personal and professional data.

Sometimes we are so much engrossed with overspeeding that we tend to forget the virus’s probability that it will affect our devices. This leaves the door open for malicious activity like cybercrime. The more we start compromising with the device, the more we get into the well. The advancement in technology has to tend us to forget things, but at the same time, it can be proved as dangerous.

The more the intelligence, the more the power of a person to memorize a subject, from the scratchpad of consciousness to long-term memory, thereby filling the mind-system. When the facts and experiences enter our long-term memory, we can weave them into the complex ideas that give richness to our thought.

The scratchpad of our intelligence is being occupied by technology; the ability to think has degraded gradually as we flow towards the world of technology. Technology has commanded our human encephalon in such a manner that not only the ability to feel has vanished, but also we have ceased ourselves from giving extra burden on our encephalon to think on any matter.

Even a single internet user session can make it file away information in your memory when the working memory is experiencing a digital overhead. It’s like a glass of water overflowing. It has become a common issue that when we know a digital or tool will remember a piece of information for us, we are less likely to burden our brains external hard drive, explaining that new digital tools have replaced retaining the social aspect.

Remembering has historically become a social process in today’s modern technology field where we know certain facts and figures and share them with our known ones to fill us in on the things we have forgotten. That has become a history for today’s growing generation because people don’t take the extra burden to remember things and share their piece of knowledge with others in today’s modern technology era. People have arranged their lives like a pdf draft where every task is being performed and scanned by the technology, capturing knowledge or sharing them.

The internet changes everything; with nearly ubiquitous online access, many people may first perform a smartphone search rather than calling a friend. Nowadays, people consider calling a friend and acquiring the piece of mastery a waste of time because what a smartphone can perform within a second that a friend can do as he belongs to the same generation of modern technology where Google tech is the ultimate source of all the queries. 

Clive Thompson describes that rather than transforming to the experience of our human tribe, we are using tools like Google and Evernote as our’ phone a friend’ option when we need information. We are treating them like crazy memorious friends who are usually ready at hand.

The digital platform has led people to remember things in a faster and easier manner. It has snatched the ability of the one’s capacity to perform a specific task on their own. The word ‘own’ seems to disappear from the minds of people living in the modern age of technology. Where everything is handy, and people do not have to work hard to create a sure thing. The digital world has not only made us lazy, but also we have intended into plagiarism in any subject matter.

Attention is the key to forming strong memories. But due to the digital age, we are losing our patience, and we are being more aggressive than being more attentive. So a movie that was texted to you last night, and you watched it thoroughly. However, you will not be able to tell the exact movie details once asked by someone a few days later. Therefore, when when we do not pay attention, our memory fades gradually.

Sadly we often optimize knowledge into pieces that don’t have a home in a larger conceptual framework; when this happens, we surrender meaning to guardians of knowledge, and it loses its value. But we need to remember the smaller details. We need to remember the small details even in this world of technology. As we consider that technology is the key solution to every problem, but if we stop working our encephalon and give to technology, then at a point in time, our encephalon will stop working and will prohibit us from optimizing knowledge.

We are constantly losing the information that’s just come in, we are continually replacing it, and there is no place to hold what you have already gotten. It makes for a very superficial experience, as you have only got whatever is in your mind at that moment. On the contrary, we cannot keep a hold of what we are constantly outsourcing from the world of technology.

It is indeed a fact that we are blessed with many things to learn from the world of technology. Still, at the same time, if we peep into the disadvantages of the digital age, we get to focus on the fact that modern technology has intended us to forget as well as remember certain things which we need to remember. But on the other side of the bright digital life, we get to relish many things and even get an opportunity to transform ourselves with modern technology; as days are passing by, people are evolving and growing themselves with the contemporary spheres of technology, but at the same time people are losing their attention and their willingness to create their own rather than depending on the internet.

Digital amnesia is not a one-way street. Technology may be helping us remember more than it has caused us to forget. Memorization differs from placing. The technology may decrease the need to memorize certain things, but it does not come as a barrier to learning things manually. There is never an easy or shortcut way of achieving a target. Even technology needs to be mastered to produce 100 percent efficiency. Memory is exercised when we use a computer or personal device; likewise, memory is also exercised in sports, art, and music. This is how we remember and forget things in the digital age.

Rather than following the path of plagiarism, we need to lead ourselves to create our own. The word ‘own’ must not remain a missing word in today’s modern era. Rather than people should take the help of the digital word to lend them create their own space. The dependency should not be a cause of forgetting and memorizing things and leading everything towards success. Instead, people should use their brains and even start exercising their brains to let their brains remember the small things that may lead to victory in the digital age battle.

People should open their pores and start removing all the blockages captured by their laziness and prove that it is possible to even remember things in this user-friendly and modern age of technology and make things more divine and fruitful. It’s a fact that advancement in technology had brought everything in hand, but we still need to remember things and make our brain function smoothly.